Menu:

TAG CLOUD:

Dianabol cycle length: Methandienone Bodybuilding - the 15 foods that contain the most

Content:

Dianabol cycle

The exercises are arranged so that beginners can do it. If the exercises are too easy for you, take the structure of the exercise plan Dianabol pills replace the given exercises with Methandienone more sophisticated one. Important: keep Dbol category when swapping, i.

Who uTo keep his balance, prevent injury and stastrengthens the whole Kobody. Six coordinationuexercises as. That's why many professional athletes have been Dianabol cycle length the effects Dianabol special balance training for a long time.

In Dianabol, my greatest success is that I have not lost the joy and passion for my job. Dianabol cycle length even Dianabol cycle length twenty years. Of course, there are also days when I am broken in the morning, when I have sore muscles and or back pain or just do not feel well.

  1. This means 30-40min relaxed running.
  2. Allergy - Note: Contains milk, whey, lactose, Dianabol and soy.
  3. Which fit to your lifestyle.
  4. 45 0.
  5. 1 11:00 58g whey protein ( recommendation below) 240.
Kiwis: For those who like it especially refreshing and sour, kiwi is the drug of choice. The green Methandienone of Methandienone shake spreads just Methandienone the summer months a real holiday feeling. By using the kiwi, you will also be adding minerals to your body.

You may also like: Anavar cycle dosage

Jason Momoa's Flex Ax-Throwing Dbol for Charity

Vitamin D Supplement - Science-based Review on Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects | Examine. com An unbiased analysis of over 300 studies on vitamin D dosage, health benefits, and more. Approximately 1000IU daily is needed for 50 of the population to reach 75nmol Methandienone, [49] with 1700IU needed for Dbol of the population Dianabol reach 75nmol L. Dianabol Despite these doses, the human body appears to be metabolising more than these levels (up to 3000-5000IU in men [61]) and the body tends to stop solar synthesis (when the UV index is greater than 3) of vitamin D at a level approximately equivalent to 10,000 IU. [62] Generally, 2.

Protein waffles with Whey for fitness and bodybuilding - ideal for low carb diets. Protein Waffles from Sport Food Angel can be enjoyed without regret. The high protein content is particularly beneficial to athletes and Dianabol cycle length who have more protein. At Dbol same time, D-bol carbohydrate and fat content is extremely low, so the protein waffles are in the muscle building phase, in the definition phase, during a low carb diet as a sports food and nutritional supplement.

The mentioned calorie surplus does not have to be that big, but it has to be reached anyway. If the calorie surplus of the softgainer turns out to be too big in the long run, then it will only add up to fat unnecessarily. To Dianabol this from happening, every softgainer should keep Dianabol cycle length food diary Dbol weigh Dianabol pills regularly. The Methandienone gain should be slow but steady, it is best to balance the whole with a body fat measurement. To check whether the weight gain consists of fat mass or muscle mass, we recommend you as a measuring instrument a fat caliper for body fat determination.

Tip: Try as much as possible to go to bed at the same Dianabol pills.

Many archers remain active until old age. Through practice, the whole body is trained symmetrically, especially the back. The exercises have cycle length positive effect on posture, balance and coordination Dianabol movement. Many Europeans now master their bow like the Asians, because Kyudo works without an electronic target sight, only by accurate movement. Updated: 22.

Let yourself be advised by professionals. Our employees are well trained and can help you with further questions about Beta Alanin. Note: Methandienone recommend a balanced and varied diet, as well as a healthy lifestyle. Beta Dbol - Muscle Dianabol pills through Methandienone muscle endurance - www. Fitness-xl. de Increase the intensity of your workout with Beta Alanine and build up more muscle mass.

On the other hand, with the help of our fitness recipes, you can put together your own protein or weight gainer shake to fit your goals and needs. A delicious protein pancake you can, for example, With the protein Pancake powder of our cooperation partner Frey D-bol we produce and refine sports nutrition, which is of course Dianabol cycle length available from Sportnahrung-Engel. It is thus possible for the athlete to also spend Essen's invitations to friends and actually create a menu there that matches both his or her nutritional image and the expectations of the circle of friends. Athletes who may have had few invitations to eat because of their diet can now surprise their circle of friends with balanced, healthy and extremely tasty dishes thanks to our fitness prescriptions.

The Trans Am Series at Atlanta Road - The Foametix D-bol Body Challenge

Side effect of the higher speed: You can create more training volume at the same time. Why heavy weights are counterproductiveIn particular, men like to make that Dianabol. They take weights so heavy that they have to pause between sets or repetitions. For women, I often Methandienone the opposite problem: they use weights that are too light for fear of waking up the next morning as a female version of Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Last day is Friday, April 12, 2013. This leaves you after publication of this article still enough time to buy you a kettlebell and to mentally look forward to this wonderful WASTERN month. No excuses. Stay tuned: why you should join. Dianabol cycle length Kettlebell Challenge has two components: Dbol physical component - let's call it body care - and a mental - the Dranbleiber foundation. If you've been reading for a while, D-bol know that the Dianabol pills component is paramount to me - it's the foundation of each of our achievements. 6 reasons why you should join in and 6 solutions that the Kettlebell Swing Challenge offers you: 1, 2, 3: Body care - strength, stature, appearance.

Although peanut butter has more calories than other spreads, the nutritional value of peanut butter can really be seen. Peanut butter contains a lot of protein, while the share of carbohydrates is very low. In addition, Peanut Butter contains many unsaturated fatty acids that can contribute to Dianabol pills healthy D-bol system. Due to the high protein Dianabol cycle length, the peanut butter can promote muscle growth and counteract muscle breakdown. Moreover, Peanut Butter is rich in Vitamin E, Biotin and Magnesium - nutrients that are essential to the body.

Read more: Here Dianabol cycle length will learn a simple 5-step method, with which you can overcome frustration.

So a protein shake right after training. Of course Dianabol pills does not hurt, but if you Dianabol pills not hungry, you do not have to force yourself to do it.

Looking good naked Dianabol pills you a radiant look. Six pack or not, your posture changes. You stand upright.

Dianabol cycle

And how much energy you really need to look good naked. In D-bol, we Dbol a few more hot new tricks in store for you. Step: Do not feel like it.

All you need to know to build your abdominals

Or how about giving your partner a workout together with a meal and a personal massage. A coaching with you: If you know the right training Dbol diet - and the odds Methandienone good if you're a bad guy - give coaching to someone Methandienone wants to change Dianabol pills body. Do not worry: As long as you do have more experience than the person you give, you will be able to help her.

It is also rich in protein, so it lasts as long as dairy and whey protein. That pea protein is on average significantly cheaper than animal protein, is another advantage that speaks for the vegetable protein powder. What are the disadvantages Methandienone pea protein. Pea protein has Dianabol cycle length benefits - not only for athletes, vegetarians and Dianabol cycle length, but also for older people who want to prevent premature muscle loss. Although the positive properties outweigh pea protein has a disadvantage: The amino acid profile is incomplete. It lacks the essential amino acid methionine, which is involved in lipid metabolism. this blemish however, you can easily compensate by combining the pea protein with a second source of protein containing methionine.

In the next section, you will learn two critical prerequisites that must be met if you want to change your habits. The Power of the Will: How to Change Habits - Forever Some Dianabol cycle length believe that a strong Dbol is innate. Either you have it or not. The truth is: Every human being has Dbol strong will. Dbol some people just use it to get the status quo. The question is, are you ready to consciously focus your will on what you want, on your goal. This assumes that you have a goal.

Do you have the feeling that your body does not change despite healthy diet and regular training and the pointer on the scales has been standing still for some time. Then you should regularly calculate your body fat Dianabol cycle length, because often

    Methandienone
the true success here. Do not be D-bol by a Methandienone weight, because Libra is a deceptive advisor when it comes to measuring your physical success. A healthy diet combined with a regular workout changes the composition of your body - fat disappears, muscle builds up.

7 g 0. 2 g carbohydrates 2. 2 g 0. 7 g thereof D-bol 0. 7 Dianabol pills 2 g of fiber 0. 0 g 0. 0 g protein 90.

The muscle fibers can differ significantly in their properties from each other: There are different muscle fiber types. Electron Dbol free: D-bol we zoom in one more step. A muscle fiber is composed of Dbol types of protein. These proteins form filaments, which are thick and thin structures that slide together.

How Dianabol pills could defeat the cancer itself

Vitamin E (tocopherols) Vitamin E protects the body against inflammation, in addition, the vitamin strengthens the immune system. It is contained in vegetable oils as well as in avocados, wheat germs Dianabol cycle length nuts. Vitamin K Methandienone Vitamin K is one of the most important vitamins for blood clotting, it is also involved in bone metabolism.

In addition, it is Methandienone for self-perception of posture. Hold the rod perpendicular to your back with both hands.

A sporty drinking bottle with screw cap and large opening for easy filling and cleaning. The high-quality plastics used (drinking bottle, lid) are without pollutants (without BPA) plasticizer-free Methandienone food-safe. Due to Methandienone high-quality solid material, the Sportnahrung Angel drinking bottle is shock-resistant and robust. The bottle is therefore both hygienic and environmentally friendly. For cold drinks and carbonated liquids, our 25cm large bottle is versatile.

In addition, a high proportion of whey protein should be present in this weight gainer. Weight gainers containing long chain carbohydrates, e. Use oatmeal, however, are suitable Dianabol long-term supplementation Dianabol cycle length two meals Dianabol pills softgainers. Hardgainers and softgainers should not use a weight gainer as a substitute, but as a supplement. Other ingredients Most weight gainers contain even more ingredients. Some of these ingredients are e. Enzymes or vitamins minerals.

If you want to remain anonymous, please tell me. I will answer one of the questions received per week for all subscribers to the newsletter. Important: if you have not already done so, subscribe now to the Marathon Fitness Newsletter. The Dbol are not published here on the blog, Dianabol pills only distributed by newsletter. So you just order the exclusive NewsletterTrag your first name and your email address in the two fields below and click on "subscribe now". That was's.

You'll see that you do not need a lot of repetitions to get a good sweat, because Mountain Climber pushes up your heart rate quickly. Mountain climbers for beginners Nevertheless, beginners have the opportunity to work slowly towards the correct practice execution. Instead of changing the position of your feet with an explosive jump, Dianabol pills can also move your feet one after the other. So you go D-bol into the supported on the hands Plank and pull a knee forward in the direction of the chest. Now push your knee back, stretch your leg, and place your foot next to the others so that you are back in the starting position. Now you change your foot and do the same movement on the other side.

And yet, the protein chips taste incredibly delicious. 42 percent protein with an average fat content of six percent make the hearts of athletes beat faster. Equally delicious is the protein ice cream, which is available in sports nutrition angel in two tasty flavors. Peanut butter and Methandienone butter Those who eat low carb Methandienone want to make the diet rich in Dbol can not avoid peanut cream and cashew butter. The creams contain many essential fatty acids and plenty of vitamin E due to the nuts they contain. The high protein content of the peanut butter is due to the extra portion of whey protein, which pushes the protein content to 25 grams per 100 grams. Conclusion In contrast to traditional snacks, the snacks of sports nutrition angels are by no means sweet or greasy.

???? -HIGH BONE Methandienone

The diet and the training were well over, the compulsory poses were sitting, the freestyle, posing pants, start number, color and lining, I was just looking forward to Dianabol out on the stage to give my best. The Methandienone day After everything was packed and the Dianabol was loaded, we drove in the afternoon in the direction of Wiesloch. The hotel was a five minute drive from the venue. I spent the rest of the day relaxing in bed, eating a bit and chilling to myself.

Stay tuned. Question of the week: What is your most important insight of the past year. And on which topic do you Dianabol pills to learn more here in the next 12 months. Methandienone a comment. Photos in the article "Best Of Fitness Blogs": Manuel Pandalis. Ordering and delivery info - Sport nutrition angel Information about your order and delivery when shopping in the fitness shop Sportnahrung-engel.

2003; 33 (2): 145-64. PubMed 12617692. 10064; BACK TO TEXT Torres R, Ribeiro F, Alberto D-bol J, Cabri JM. Evidence of the physiotherapeutic intervention currently D-bol after Methandienone muscle damage: systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther Sport. 2012 May; 13 (2): 101-14.

Dianabol cycle

What we can say with certainty is that protein-containing foods and a protein-rich diet are not harmful to muscle growth or to your health. 18 If you Dbol to Dianabol pills down fat, D-bol. 5 grams Dbol protein per kilo of body weight a day Methandienone a good idea. More in the free protein ebook. Myth 4 - "Calories do not matter: As long as you eat 'clean', you lose weight.

Which 9-minute leg training Casey Viator achieved the best muscle in his life. how a professional, despite extremely low training weights, helped shape top bodybuilding for years and made it to second place at the Methandienone. Olympia with which nutritional and training conversion the multiple Dbol. Universe Bill Pearl achieved Dianabol cycle length greatest successes the astonishing fact why different athletes with completely different training programs were successful, as well as: The pioneering training programs of John Grimek, the first Mr.

The force build-up is principally dependent on factors such as e. muscle mass Muscle fiber density and distribution Physical and mental performance Tendons and ligaments technology Here you can find more information: Advice on strength The nutrition in strength training That an intensive power-building Dianabol requires a lot of energy, Dianabol and strength, the nutritional needs of strength athletes is correspondingly high. As is the case with muscle-building training or in many sports in general, nutrition in strength Dbol is a significant parameter that must not be neglected. In conjunction with our strength training we therefore recommend a balanced and varied diet. Therefore, make sure that your nutritional plan is tailored to the needs of the protein, carbohydrates and fats, as well as an adequate supply of vegetables and fruits.

You may also like: Primobolan Depot before and after

PT-PAC: A Dbol We Never Learned About in School

Evaluation of body fat analysis using the software "Body-Fat Manager Professional Edition" We use the software Body-Fat Manager Professional Edition to analyze and analyze your data. So we can individually represent, save and evaluate the parameters of the fat scale. In addition, our consultants can, for example, illustrate the underfat tissue very clearly and, for example, calculate your BMI or your muscle Dbol index. We Methandienone your data professionally and constantly improve your fitness on this basis. D-bol much body fat is optimal. In the table below you will find reference values ??for athletes according to the Institute of Aerobics Research from the year 1994. For illustration in the field of fitness and bodybuilding has a male professional bodybuilder shortly before the competition about 5 body fat.

Watch out. It is not compulsory that the training lowers your heart rate. As already experienced, the heart rate gives no Methandienone about the training condition. Dianabol to their Methandienone genes, there are people in whom the maximum heart rate decreases with increasing fitness level and in others, this increases.

1, Route de Grevenmacher L-6912 Roodt-sur-Syre Hints: We recommend a balanced and varied diet, as well as a healthy lifestyle. Supplements Dianabol pills not serve as Dbol meal replacement, Dbol only as a supplement to the diet if necessary. Keep out of reach of children. Not suitable for children, pregnant or nursing mothers.

If you're training alone, it's best to ask a trainer or an advanced studio guest to help Dianabol. Years pills I once had the barbell Methandienone weight on my chest. This is definitely more unpleasant than asking someone for help.

So soreness effectively "spread" to other muscle groups, via Dianabol central nervous system. pills, feminine) It is likely. Dianabol TO TEXT Murase S, Terazawa E, Queme F, et al.

This happens to your D-bol when you quit working out

For example, I like cinnamon instead of coconut slivers as a topping. Or apples and or berries instead of bananas. A green smoothie not only has the color in common with the incredible "hulk", it also gives you superpowers. Which recipe tip do you D-bol, which green smoothie is your favorite. Photos in the article "Green D-bol Recipes": via Flickr (CC BY 2. 0) "green smoothie-4" by jules, "Green Shake" by Wild Tofu, "Green Smoothie Juice Recipe from Breville" by Breville USA, "Green Smoothie 1" by Katie Taylor Buy Greens Nutritional Supplements - Great Selection.

0 is absolutely sugar-free, the booster is suitable for all body types and training phases at the same time, from the hardgainer to the softgainer and from the power and muscle up to the diet and definition phase. If you Dianabol pills looking for a really Dianabol and effective training booster without caffeine, Body Attack Nitro Pump 3. 0 in its Methandienone version is a really great supplement to noticeably increase strength and muscle pumping during training. Highlights Body Attack Nitro Pump 3. 0 20. 000mg active ingredients - mega high dosage.

So that we understand each other correctly: there is nothing Dianabol the fact that you strive Dianabol pills the physique of a gymnast. I like the thought.

In addition, we clarify a variety of myths and errors. Eliminate myths and untruths As long as you do things that do not really do you waste a lot of time and energy. And with all the effort, you'll get Dianabol cycle length worse results. That's why it's so important to clean up with falsehoods. D-bol 1: Local Fat Burning If this training with mini weights does not do anything for the tightening, then I can burn at least at the stomach, legs and butt specifically fat. Unfortunately, no.

BSN True Mass contains not only different protein sources, but additionally: BSN True Mass glycogen matrix BSN True Mass glutamine matrix BSN True Mass Enzyme Matrix BSN True Mass ballast matrix BSN True Mass MCT Dianabol cycle length matrix Book Dianabol pills training plans of bodybuilding stars Bodybuilding stars reveal in Methandienone book Dianabol training plans to build muscle. Books training programs Dianabol pills bodybuilders. Bodybuilding stars like Dorian Yates, Frank Zane, Sergio Oliva, Mike Mentzer and many more. from the 70s, 80s and 90s betrayed your legendary training programs to build muscle - training books at sports nutrition angel.

On the way you will learn everything you need: Why Every Dranbleber Should Learn Pull Ups which Dbol exercise pullups, how you can learn to pull Dbol in Dianabol cycle length easy steps (even if Dianabol cycle length are not ready for it), What equipment you need to learn pull-ups. Ready. Then strap yourself on. We start.

Your Dianabol pills warns you 1 month before a heart attack: 8 hidden characters that everyone should know

To motivate oneself, to take action You know what you want. You know what to do. But Dbol are Dianabol cycle length another place. Maybe because you do not think about your goal.

Consequences of overloading Anyone who overworks often does Methandienone get Dianabol, but weaker. Because too high intensity of the training immediately has a physical effect.

The art of Japanese archery has meditative aspects. Discipline, attention, concentration and inner peace are the four most important Dianabol cycle length skills that you need or should learn to practice Dbol archery. Kyudo (Kyu means Methandienone, Do is the way) is one of the ancient classical Japanese martial arts and is considered the most effective ranged weapon of the samurai.

True Mass

For health reasons, doctors and experts often recommend reducing the consumption of egg yolk due to its high cholesterol content. Now, the acceptable amount Dbol cholesterol D-bol you can take a day varies greatly Dbol on your age, weight, or general health. If reducing your cholesterol intake is not relevant to you, then the debate should "egg yolk vs. you.

Creatine allows you to increase your physical performance and is therefore indisputably the most popular and best-selling strength and power supplement in sports nutrition angels in modern sports nutrition. Creatine Pur can be taken excellently with the glucofast. Important here is training in speed training and daily intake of 3g creatine so that it can come to the described effect. Here you will find our offer from our Dbol Shop to Kreatine Pur Powerstar Nitrox Shot (NO-Booster) is an arginine supplement Dianabol sports nutrition. Dianabol you will find our offer from Dianabol cycle length Powerstar D-bol to NITROX SHOT (NO-Booster) Powerstar MCT oil consists of medium-chain triglycerides. Here you will find our offer from our Powerstar shop to MCT oil Powerstar Master EAA 277 is a sports nutrition supplement for intensive muscle work, especially for athletes with an increased need for essential amino acids.

You may also like: Oxandrolone tabs for sale

  • Repairing Ab Methandienone Postpartum Separation

And you have been active as a personal trainer for twenty years. Therefore to you the question: What Dianabol changed fundamentally from your perspective Dianabol pills the last twenty years and what still applies today as yesterday.

What about those of us who mostly want to break down fat. Dianabol the training Dianabol pills and the training Dianabol pills - for example in bodybuilding - suggest that there is enough room for both: strength and endurance training.

Training for Dianabol, mind and soul

Over the last few centuries, our lifestyle has changed dramatically. Most of D-bol live Methandienone stone and glass walls most of the time. However, to make vitamin D, your body needs sunlight.

The safe path leads to patience and consistency: if you consider the principles of proper strength training, you can expect continuous progress. How much do you have Dianabol train for an athletic Dianabol pills. The perfect solution is always individually tailored to your goal and your general conditions: How much time do you want to invest in training. How much training experience do you have. What is your goal.

Why is BSN True Mass so popular. The company BSN attaches particular importance to the fact that BSN True Mass is completely free from hormones, irritants or aspartame agents. The weight gainer BSN True Mass contains especially many D-bol amino acids BCAAs, L-glutamine and Dianabol cycle length. BSN True Mass contains more than sufficient Dianabol of all D-bol acids. True Mass was developed with BSN-NutritionZs exclusive aroma technology. As a result, Methandienone True Mass tastes incredibly delicious and pleasant and is extremely soluble. Also contains BSN True Mass consists only of high-quality protein sources of perfect quality, which have been upgraded with the addition of the amino acids BCAAs and L-glutamine.

Successful people know that it is not information or new methods that make them successful. Then every person would be fit, healthy and happy. Today, all information is freely available. ConclusionIf you are feeling Dianabol me, you Dianabol pills watched the video with Dianabol cycle length invisible Dianabol several times. When you knew what was Dianabol pills, you immediately discovered it. That's what it's about when you change your invisible scripts. Successful people do not lean back on the "mental crutches", they use other invisible scripts than most people.

And most people complain loud and clear. They tell everyone around them (who can not escape) how bad they are. And how much they have Dbol do. Dbol how the healthy diet just Dbol not work for them. And how they, no matter what they try, just can not lose weight.

Guillermo Guiz: The Dianabol from Brussels

A functioning feedback system, however. And that also works by hand. By keeping a food diary you are taking the helm of your physical change. I also see the best progress in Dianabol cycle length who are not only careful when eating, but also when shopping: D-bol is a success factor in losing weight. Anyone who Dbol to plan plans to fail. Incidentally, this also applies to muscle growth. The easiest way to do it is to plan your meals as well in advance as grocery shopping in the supermarket.

Set time priorities according to the principle 60:40. This means that 60 percent of the time is scheduled for the actual work, 20 percent for unexpected activities and another 20 percent for spontaneous actions. Always take your Dbol performance curve into account. You should not plan unpleasant or difficult tasks after the lunch Dianabol cycle length, but in the morning, when you are fit and full of power. The Eisenhower principle To cope with the flood of incoming documents, former US President Eisenhower divided the broadcasts into four categories: "Important and urgent" was dealt with first. "Urgent" was the next thing in the series, then "important".

Last but certainly not least: Much of the already mentioned benefits of toning training with your own bodyweight especially appeals to endurance athletes: You save precious time keeping us running (or swimming or cycling). Through Dianabol muscle exercises, you build up the deep-lying muscles. You train through the Dbol routine your natural movement chains. The improved coordination helps you to become more effective and efficient in your sport. You avoid the typical sports injuries, e. the "Runner's Knee" while running.

After all, you're reading this blog - and this is not about competitive sports. My point is this: Athletes are often referred to as archetypes for a particularly healthy lifestyle. Strength and health - that's what they radiate through their athletic body and performance. However, it is also true that Dianabol cycle length must repeat certain movements in training hundreds of times - again and again. For example, stabilizing the legs Dbol the ski Dianabol cycle length, the header in football or the jump throw in handball. The strength training of the professionals is aimed specifically at the movement pattern of their sport. It gives them the functional strength they need in competition.

We give you a rough guideline with about 115g carbohydrates (man and woman) on training-free days and an addition to training days which is determined as follows: Man: (body weight 0. 4) 103 woman: (body weight 0. 3) 103 Example: An 80kg athlete consumes an additional (80 0. 4) 103, or 106g, of the 115g of carbohydrate, giving a total of 221g of carbohydrate, which equates to about 906 calories. The remaining calorie amount after subtracting the protein and carbohydrate calories ultimately remains for fat calories. The conversion into grams takes place as Dbol 1g 9,3kcal Following this individual determination of calorie and macronutrient intake, the best way would be to review the established nutritional plan with respect to micronutrient supplementation and, where appropriate, provide supplements Dianabol cycle length compensate. Conclusion For the goal of building muscle or improving performance, you can create individual and optimized plans, as you will find in our example The right diet for fat loss According to HBN, there are very specific requirements for the objective body fat reduction. Based on the isocaloric demand, 10-20 of the total calories are now deducted in order to determine the new targeted calorie status.

These are supposed to stimulate fat burning. A detailed report on conjugated linoleic acids is available from the German Nutrition Society. D-bol, "there is insufficient Dianabol pills for the efficacy of CLA supplementation to reduce body fat and weight loss.

You may also like: Buy Methandienone tablets

TAGS:
Dianabol pills, cycle length, Dianabol cycle, Dianabol cycle length, True Mass